What is considered a drone?
In Spain the acronym RPAS is used, which stands for Remotely Piloted Aircraft System. It is a subgroup within UAVs or Unmanned Aerial Vehicles. RPAS stand out for the fact that there must be a pilot responsible for that flight at all times. This means that although the drone is flying autonomously, the pilot must monitor it at all times and can take control at any moment. In addition, according to regulations, a pilot may only be responsible for one single drone at a time.
With these definitions it follows that any remotely piloted aircraft will be an RPA or drone, as they are more commonly known. Therefore, the type of aircraft is not defined, so we can find RPAs that are aircraft, helicopters, multicopters or hybrids, among others. Balloons and airships are excluded from this definition.
What is the maximum weight my drone can have?
The current regulation allows for drones up to 150kg. For drones under 25kg it will only be necessary to have completed the specific RPAS knowledge course. For those weighing over 25kg, you will need to have a pilot licence, or certified technical knowledge to acquire one. In addition, drones weighing more than 25kg must be registered and obtain an airworthiness certificate.