4. Multi-Engine Rating (ME)
Once you have passed the final ATPL exams and completed the 70h (PIC – Pilot in Command) of experience flight, you can continue with the Multi-Engine Aircraft Rating (ME).
The course to obtain this rating is composed of two parts: a theoretical and a practical one. In the theoretical part (7h), which consists of a single subject, the operation and systems of multi-engine aircraft are explained. And, in the practical flying part (6h), you will apply the theory learned, mainly the different system’s failures.
5. Instrument Rating (IR)
Then, by following the steps to become a commercial airplane pilot, you can complete the Instrument Rating (IR) course. This course will allow you to pilot the aircraft with only the reference of the flight instruments, that is, without external visibility, without external references or between clouds.
Like the previous phase, the IR rating also consists of a theoretical part and a practical part. On the one hand, the theory (12h) deals with the procedures for this type of flight and with the Jeppesen navigation charts with G1000. On the other hand, during the practical part, which consists of 55 hours of flying (40h in simulator and 15h in MEP flight), you will learn how to pilot the plane with instruments.
6. CPL or Commercial Pilot License
The penultimate step to becoming an airplane pilot is the Commercial Pilot Course (CPL-A). This phase consists of 15 hours flying in an advanced aircraft: 10 hours in a single-engine plane (SEP) and 5 hours in a multi-engine plane (MEP).
To obtain the CPL license, you must be 18 years old at the time of the exam; this is the only requirement, as we mentioned before.
7. Frozen ATPL
Finally, and once the Commercial Pilot Course (CPL) is completed, you can obtain a so-called Frozen ATPL, which includes the Commercial Pilot License (CPL), the Instrument Flight (IR) and Multi-Engine (ME) ratings, and the theoretical ATPL certificate.
In this last stage, you must accumulate the remaining flight hours up to 1500 hours, to finish your training to become a commercial airplane pilot and start working for an airline.